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【全程复习方略】2014版高三地理 区域可持续发展 第3章 第1讲 能源资源的开发 以我国山西课时作业 新人教版_图文


reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility to run the co untry. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic development. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of internati onal situa tion and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opme nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development concept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new conce pt, achiev ed has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary industry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction total s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr og ress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no water of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive promote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Central tightly ar ound full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law ruli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

2014 版高三地理人教版全程复习课时作业 区域可持续发展 第 3 章 第 1 讲 能 源资源的开发 以我国山西省
(45 分钟 100 分) 一、选择题(每小题 4 分,共 44 分) 1.(2013·合肥模拟) “十二五”期间,陕西省煤炭生产总量将超过 6 亿吨,新增清查资源量 200 亿吨, 新开工煤矿建设项目 54 个,建设规模约 2.4 亿吨,总投资 1 570 亿元,煤炭开发建设步入快车道。 “十二 五”期间陕西省煤炭开发建设步入快车道的地理背景有( ) ①国民经济稳步发展,能源短缺局面得不到根本改善 ②陕西地处我国中部经济带,距东部市场较近 ③陕西煤炭资源丰富,开采条件较好 ④黄河水运具有运量大、运费低的优势 A.①② B.③④ C.①③ D.②④ (2013·银川模拟)分布式能源系统是指集成或单独使用的、靠近用户的小型、模块化动力设备,在 不适宜建设中心电站的地区,分布式能源系统的小容量和模块化可提供现场型电力。分布式能源系统一般 采用清洁燃料作能源,可减少粉尘、SO2、NO2、CO2、废水废渣等的排放。结合下表回答 2、3 题。

世界各国分布式能源发电量占总发电量的比例

2.相对于发展中国家,造成发达国家分布式能源发电量比重特点的最主要原因是( ) A.消费市场广阔 B.环境意识强 C.矿物能源丰富 D.科技水平高 3.我国各地发展分布式能源系统的优势条件,组合正确的是( ) A.内蒙古高原——风能 B.云贵地区——天然气 C.青藏高原——天然气 D.四川盆地——太阳能 目前我国每年需要通过远洋货轮进口大量铁矿石,下图所示区域是我国重要的铁矿石进口地。据此回 答 4、5 题。

promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the dream of China. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socialist core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng p ut publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft st rength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避

Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the reform and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and

foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national popu lation of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng engi nee ri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover universal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pensio n guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, The lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving. This as pe cts XI General Se cretary of speech main including promote d pov erty area pover t y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "three st rict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative seri ous ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility t o run the country. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic development. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of interna ti onal situation and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opm e nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development c oncept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new co nce pt, achieved has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary industry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction tota l s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr ogress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no wat er of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive promote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Centr al tightly around full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law r uli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

4.图示区域铁矿开采引发的生态环境问题主要是( ) A.森林锐减 B.土地沙漠化 C.土地盐渍化 D.物种灭绝 5.我国铁矿生产过程中,要注意的问题不包括( ) A.提高资源利用率 B.加强生态环境保护 C.把加大开采量放在首位 D.提高铁矿开采的机械化程度 (2013·惠州模拟)读 1978~2004 年我国部分省城非能源矿产资源状况与经济发展对比图,完成 6、 7 题。

6.“资源诅咒”也被称之为“富饶的贫困” 。我国非能源矿产资源诅咒现象最严重的省份是( A.豫、滇 B.蜀、辽 C.陇、黑 D.京、赣 7.闽、粤两省矿产资源不足,但经济发展速度较快,其主要原因是( ) A.市场广阔 B.劳动力资源丰富 C.科技先进 D.地理位置优越 下图为我国某地区 1980 年和 2012 年工业结构简图。读图完成 8、9 题。



promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the dream of China. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socia list core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng put publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft strength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避 foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national population of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng engi neeri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover u niversal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pension guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, Th e lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving.

Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the reform and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and

This as pe cts XI General Se cret ary of speech main including promote d pov erty area povert y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly

administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "three strict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative serious ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

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reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility to run the country. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic dev elopment. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of internati onal situation and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opme nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development concept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new conce pt, achieved has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary in dustry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction total s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr ogress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no water of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive prom ote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Central tightly around full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law ruli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

8.与 1980 年相比,该地区 2012 年( ) A.矿产资源储量减少 B.新兴工业迅猛发展 C.已无环境污染 D.失业人口明显增加 9.目前, 该地区已发展成为我国综合性工业基地, 社会经济效益明显提高, 环境质量明显改善。 为此, 2012 年以来该地区采取的有效措施可能有( ) ①大力发展新兴工业和第三产业 ②传统工业全部向外转移 ③积极引进先进技术和设备 ④大力开发水电,并禁止煤炭开采 ⑤加强环境管理,提高绿地面积 A.①②③ B.①③⑤ C.①③④ D.③④⑤ (能力挑战题)读中国可利用风能时数分布图,回答 10、11 题。

10.下列应是我国风能资源开发重点地区的是( ) A.甲地 B.乙地 C.丙地 D.丁地 11.山东半岛是我国最早进行风电建设的地区,其发展风电最有利的社会经济条件是( A.临海,风能资源丰富 B.经济发展快,能源匮乏 C.经济基础雄厚,科技力量强 D.人们的环保意识强 二、非选择题(共 56 分) 12.阅读图文材料,完成下列各题。 (26 分) 材料一我国某地区略图。



promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the drea m of C hina. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socialist core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng put publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft strength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避 foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national population of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng eng i neeri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover universal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pension guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, The lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving.

Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the re form and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and

This as pe cts XI General Se cretary of speech main including promote d pov erty area povert y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly

administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "thre e strict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative serious ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

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reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility t o run the country. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic development. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of interna ti onal situation and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opm e nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development c oncept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new co nce pt, achieved has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary industry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction tota l s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr ogress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no wat er of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive promote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Centr al tightly around full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law r uli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

材料二 图中阴影区域为黄河金三角区域。区域内煤炭开采生产能力约 1 亿吨,占全国的 4%;氧化铝产能 610 万吨,约占全国的 35%,是全国最大的炼铝业基地。 材料三 铝工业的能源消耗主要集中在矿山、冶炼和加工三大领域,其中尤以电解铝能耗为最。炼 1 吨铝 综合能耗为 9.6 吨标准煤,排放二氧化碳 21.8 吨、碳 5.8 吨。 (1) “黄河金三角区域”苹果种植面积近 700 万亩,年产苹果 700 余万吨,是世界苹果主产区中唯一符合 苹果七项生态指标的最佳优生区。简述该区域苹果生产的自然区位条件。 (2) “黄河金三角区域”是我国重要的煤炭生产基地,但由于交通运输的制约,限制了煤炭经济的发展。 请提出三条既能减轻交通运输压力又能将煤炭资源优势转变为经济发展优势的具体措施。 (3)该区域大力发展炼铝工业面临的主要环境问题是___________,会加剧全球的________效应。 13.(能力挑战题)读材料,回答以下问题。 (30 分) 材料一 2011 年 9 月 7 日中国行业研究网消息 为了加快对可燃冰的商业开采步伐, 我国科学家首次针对 南海可燃冰开采进行模拟研究,并取得了系列进展。根据国内外技术发展趋势和我国可燃冰发展规划,预 计在 2020 年前我国海域可燃冰试开采有望实现,最快到 2030 年实现商业生产。 材料二 世界已探明的“可燃冰”分布。

(1)天然气水合物又称“可燃冰” ,是由水和天然气在高压、低温条件下混合而成的一种固态物质,外貌 极像冰雪或固体酒精。据此请说出可燃冰作为能源的优点。 (2)结合材料二,描述已探知可燃冰的分布规律。
promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the dream of China. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socia list core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng put publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft strength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避 foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national population of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng engi neeri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover u niversal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pension guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, Th e lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving. Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the reform and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and This as pe cts XI General Se cret ary of speech main including promote d pov erty area povert y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "three strict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative serious ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

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reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility to run the country. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic dev elopment. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of internati onal situation and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opme nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development concept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new conce pt, achieved has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary in dustry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction total s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr ogress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no water of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive prom ote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Central tightly around full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law ruli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

(3)目前南海可燃冰开采可能面临哪些问题? (4)试分析我国海域发现可燃冰的重要意义。

答案解析 1.【解析】选 C。陕西位于我国西部经济地带;黄河径流量较小,航运价值不高。 2、3.【解析】2 选 D,3 选 A。第 2 题,从材料中可以看出分布式能源的开发对技术有一定的要求;从表 中数据可以看出相对于发展中国家,发达国家分布式能源发电量比重高,这与发达国家科技水平高有关。 第 3 题,我国内蒙古高原距冬季风源地近,且地形平坦,植被稀少,风能资源丰富;云贵地区的天然气不 丰富;青藏高原地势高,降水少,晴天多,太阳能丰富,但天然气资源不丰富;四川盆地太阳能不丰富。 4、5.【解析】4 选 B,5 选 C。第 4 题,图示区域位于澳大利亚西部,开矿易造成植被破坏,加上当地气 候干旱、水资源缺乏,更易造成土地沙漠化。第 5 题,在铁矿开采中,应把生态环境保护放在第一位,而 不是加大开采量。 【知识拓展】资源开发利用过程中应遵循的四个原则 (1)综合性原则:要从生态效益、经济效益和社会效益等方面综合平衡、合理发展; (2)系统性原则:要考虑对其他自然资源和整个环境的影响,要注意保持生态平衡。 (3)差异性原则:因地制宜,扬长避短,发挥地区优势。 (4)适度性原则:对资源的开发要以资源系统的提供、更新能力为前提,要适度。 6、7.【解析】6 选 B,7 选 D。第 6 题,从图中可以判断出四川省(蜀)和辽宁省(辽)非能源矿产资源 最为丰富,但经济发展速度较慢。第 7 题,闽、粤两省矿产资源不足,但位于沿海地区,地理位置优越, 有利于矿产资源的进口。 8、9.【解析】8 选 A,9 选 B。第 8 题,图示该地区 1980 年、2012 年的工业结构均为资源型工业,故大量 消耗矿产资源导致该地区的矿产资源减少。第 9 题,传统工业“全部向外转移”与“禁止”煤炭开采明显 与 2012 年工业结构简图中的内容不符。 10、11.【解析】10 选 C,11 选 C。从图中可以看出,甲、乙、丙、丁四地的可利用风能时数只有丙地是 大于 6 000 小时,位于内蒙古地区,风能资源丰富,又靠近能源需求市场,应是重点建设的风电基地。风 电的开发需要较高的技术和雄厚的经济实力,山东半岛是我国经济发达地区,科技发达,具备发展风电的 条件。 【方法技巧】区域优势资源开发的分析思路

在分析此类问题时,首先要分析该区域的地理背景,找到发展的优势条件,然后针对该区域的优势条件进 行开发,在开发的过程中,对存在的问题进行有针对性的治理。 12.【解析】第(1)题,主要从气候、土壤、水源等方面进行分析。第(2)题,可以采取变输煤为输电, 进行煤炭的综合利用,发展高能耗产业等措施。第(3)题,仔细阅读材料三即可得出答案。
promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the drea m of C hina. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socialist core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng put publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft strength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避 foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national population of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng eng i neeri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover universal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pension guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, The lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving. Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the re form and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and This as pe cts XI General Se cretary of speech main including promote d pov erty area povert y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "thre e strict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative serious ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

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reform results, economy, and political sy stem, and cult ure system, and social system, a nd disci pline check system, a nd party of construction system reform solid a dvance, tax, and financial, a nd price, a nd a dministrative approval, a nd State-ow ned e nterpris es, and ecologi cal civ ilization, important field and key link reform made major progress , market in resources configuration i n the of deci sive role sig nifica ntly enhanced, Unpre cedented burst of mome ntum and vitality of economi c and social deve lopme nt. XI Ge neral Secretary's spee ch i n this regar d include the reform only whe n there i s no complete, t he < de cisi ons of the CPC Central Committee on s ome major pr oblems i n de epe ning reform > notes on the 1 8 sess ion of ideas i nto the party's s pirit of the reforms more difficult to move forward, the increasi ng us e of the Socialist system wit h Chines e characteristi cs s uch as the a bility t o run the country. 4. with regar d to pr omoting s ustained and he althy economic development. Face compl ex cha ngeabl e of interna ti onal situation and difficult heavy of domestic reform devel opme nt stable ta sk, XI General Se cretary made China economi c devel opm e nt into new normal of scie nce judge, proposed i nnovation, and coordi nation, and green, a nd ope n, and s hared five big development c oncept, im plementation macr o poli cy to sta bility, a nd i ndustry policy to as sociate, and micro poli cy to live, a nd reform policy to real , and social policy to backi ng five big pi llar sex poli cy, vig orously advance s upply side structural reform, new co nce pt, achieved has 20 13 to 20 15 during, D omestic production total annual growth 7.3 %, obvi ously fast Yu earlier worl d economic 2 .3% of annual gr owth, on w orld e conomic gr owth of contri buti on ov er 25%, tertiary industry accounte d for dome stic pr oduction tota l s hare over 5 0%, event ually cons umpti on on economic growth of contri bution rate reached 66 %, economic structure a djustment made important pr ogress, development of quality and be nefits sig nificantly upgrade, Chi na economic s how out huge of swi ng r oom and broa d of devel opme nt prospe cts. This as pe cts XI General Secretary of speech main i ncl udi ng economi c growt h must is real a nd no wat er of growt h improve ope n type e conomic level "s ee missi ng of hand" and "s ee have s ee of ha nd" are to wit h good speed up from elements drive , and i nvestment s cale driv e devel opment mai nly to to innovati on drive devel opment mai nly of change a ctive promote d China e nergy production and cons umption revol ution,. 5. wit h regard to buil ding the rule of law i n Chi na. 1 8 big yilai, Centr al tightly around full adva nce la w ruli ng, put party of led, a nd people masters, a nd law r uling orga nic unified up, i nsiste d law r uli ng, and law ruling, a nd law a dministrative common a dvance, insisted r ule of law nati onal , and rule of law G overnme nt, and rule of law social one constr ucti on, full a dvance science legislati on, a nd stri ctly la w enforceme nt, and just j udi cial, a nd universal law -abidi ng, China features socialist legal system further sound perfect, lea ders at all level s cadre s usi ng rule of law thinki ng and rule of law way dee peni ng reform, and

答案: (1)该区域位于黄土高原,土层深厚而肥沃;地处暖温带半湿润气候区,降水、热量适中;日照充 足,日温差大,有利于糖分积累;黄河及其支流为其提供灌溉水源。 (2)科技创新,对煤炭进行深加工(延长煤炭产业链) ;建设坑口电站,将电力输往其他地区;在本地建 设耗能工业。 (其他答案合理也可) (3)大气污染(二氧化碳排放量过大) 温室 13.【解析】第(1)题,根据题干材料,可判断可燃冰作为能源的优点。第(2)题,结合材料二,可以 看出已探知的可燃冰主要分布在大陆架上。第(3)题,由于对可燃冰的认识还不够成熟,而且是埋藏在 海底,因此开采技术要求高、成本高,且容易对环境造成破坏。第(4)题,可燃冰是石油等产品未来的 替代品。 答案: (1)使用方便,燃烧值高,清洁无污染。 (2)主要分布于陆地的近海地区(海洋大陆架) 。 (3)开采技术要求高,开采成本高,容易对环境造成破坏。 (4) “可燃冰”作为“后石油时代”的重要替代能源,对我国扩大新的清洁能源领域、增强我国能源战略 储备、促进能源多样化具有极其重要的战略意义。

promoted development, a nd T he ability to resolv e conflicts a nd constantly improve, our . .. 6. on the bui ldi ng of Sociali st cult ure in Chi na. A country, a nati on str ong, al ways supported by cult ure flouri she d, the i nherita nce a nd development of civ ilization, without cult ure to devel op a nd pros per, there will be no realizati on of the dream of China. 18 big yilai , XI G eneral Se cretary around "foster a nd pr omote Socia list core value s" "promote China excellent traditi onal cult ure" "firmly master ideology work le d right and dis course right", as pe cts do has s eries important s pee ch, main i ncl udi ng put publ icity thought w ork do have better for achieve d China dre am conde nse d powerful moral s upport improv e national culture soft strength foster a nd promote Socialist core values youth to consci ously practi ce line Soci alist core values 转 扭 翘 得 不 匀 力 受 段 各 上 架 支 放 直 起 一 到 近 焊 线 下 引 与 如 少 减 量 尽 且 观 美 理 合 、 布 均 置 位 处 接 搭 间 之 钢 圆 其 顺 试 比 次 多 复 反 应 , 时 型 造 有 或 曲 为 面 设 敷 的 带 雷 避 foothol d, Xi a big pneumati c sol ution masse s most care most dire ctly most reality of interests probl em, 3 years cumulative red ucti on poverty more tha n 50 milli on people, e quivale nt to a medium national population of total, annual a dde d town employme nt more tha n 10 million pe opl e, starts construction s upportability housi ng engi neeri ng near 4 milli on set s, built worl d Sha ng scal e maximum, and cover u niversal of basi c medical g uarantee s netw ork and pension guara ntees netw ork, ur ban a nd r ural reside nts income continued growt h, Th e lives of the people of all ethnic gr oups have mor e on both material and s piritual t hriving.

Chil dhood active ly cultivate a nd pra ctice t he core value s of s ociali sm and t he party's important s pee ch on the press conference . 7. pr omote the reform and deve lopme nt of social undertakings a nd s oci al management. 18 big yilai , Central i nsiste d put g uarantees a nd im proved livel ihood as ruli ng acti ng politi cal of starting poi nt and

This as pe cts XI General Se cret ary of speech main including promote d pov erty area povert y, and speed up development let 1.3 billi on people enj oys better more fair of educati on spee d up advance housing guarantees a nd s upply system constr ucti on alwa ys put pe opl e life security put i n first bit efforts put China construction be came netw ork power insisted ge neral national s ecurity vie ws, go Chi na features nati onal s ecurity road effective mainte nance nati onal security and social settle d,. 8. wit h regard to compre hensive strictly

administeri ng the part y. Party of 18 big yilai, Ce ntral station i n party a nd nati onal survival of height, firmly grasp strengt heni ng party of ruli ng ca pacity constructi on, a nd a dvanced purity constr ucti on thi s article mai nline , to style constr ucti on for breakt hrough, to developed i ntroduced eig ht items provide s started start, put di sci pline a nd r ules is i n front, orga nization carrie d out has party of mass line e ducation practi ce activitie s and "three strict thr ee real" topi c education, insisted "zer o tolerance, a nd full cover, and no are a", insiste d "T iger" "flies" with playing, style political wi nd s oci ety continue d improve d, M ore perfect system of law s withi n the part y, di sci pline of authoritative serious ness i ncrea sing, for the hist ory of winning ha s a lot of ne w features pr ovide a str ong political

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